Signs and symptoms
Prior to we dig down into therapy for osteoarthritis in knees, let’s do a fast recap on what osteoarthritis really is. According to Singapore physio professionals, every sore knee is different, however they typical share some common traits such as:
- Tightness in the knee in the early morning or when you have been sitting for some time
- Reduction in movement of the knee, difficulty with getting in and out of chairs/cars, climbing stairs or walking
- Discomfort that increases with too much activity, yet improves slightly with rest
- Swelling or sensation of warmth around the knee joint
- Grating sensation throughout activity of the knees
Commonly these symptoms do not occur all of a sudden or all at once, but rather develop slowly in time. Often people do not realize they have osteoarthritis since they cannot recall a particular time or injury that induced their symptoms. If you have had worsening knee pain for numerous months that is not responding to rest or a change in activity, it is best to look for the advice of a medical service provider.
What causes or worsens osteoarthritis
Newest research has found the root cause of osteoarthritis to be multifactorial.
Injury, mechanical pressures, swelling, biochemical reactions and metabolic disorder have a vital function to play.
However, particular to the knee joint; being obese, having a background of knee injury and a job calling for kneeling, climbing and crouching can raise the threat of establishing osteoarthritis.
Physiotherapy for OA
Diagnosing the condition
Based on your report of your symptoms and a medical evaluation. Your physiotherapist will ask you queries about your medical history and activity. The specialist will perform a physical examination to gauge your knee’s movement (range of motion), durability, movement, and flexibility. You may likewise be asked to perform different motions to see if they increase or reduce the discomfort you are experiencing.
Commonly prescribed treatments
Treatment approaches might differ depending on the intensity and chronicity of the problem. Existing proof sustains the following for the management of osteoarthritis in the knee:
- Resistance training
- Aerobic workouts
- Weight-loss program if overweight
In general, discomfort ought to improve with rest after workout. If it lingers on for a couple of days, you are probably pressing too much!
Bracing to prevent aggravation
Compressive sleeves positioned around the knee may help reduce pain and swelling. Tools such as adjustment and off-loading braces are used to adjust the forces placed on the knee. These braces can help “unload” certain areas of your knee and move contact to less uncomfortable areas of the joint throughout weight-bearing activities. Depending upon your signs and symptoms and problems, your physical therapist will aid identify which brace may be best for you.